刘恩克

简介


中科院物理所研究员,博士生导师。



2012年毕业于中科院物理所,获凝聚态物理(磁学)博士学位,并获中科院院长奖学金特别奖、中科院百篇优秀博士论文奖。



2012年留所于磁学国家重点实验室工作,2013年入选中科院青年创新促进会,2015年任物理所副研究员,2018年任物理所博士生导师,2020年任物理所研究员。



2016年3月-2018年2月,作为“洪堡学者”赴德国Dresden马普固体化学物理所及Halle马普微结构物理所合作访问,合作导师Claudia Felser和Stuart Parkin教授。



2017年,获国家基金委“优青”基金、中科院青促会优秀会员基金、国家自然科学二等奖。

主要研究方向


磁学与磁性功能材料,包括磁相变材料、磁性拓扑半金属(Semi-metal)、自旋电输运材料、单自旋半金属(Half-metal)等。致力于新材料的设计和实现,注重从晶格、价键、能带、电子、自旋等内禀层面思考材料设计和物性调控的思想和方法。



研究中借助于第一性原理电子结构计算、多晶制备、单晶生长、薄膜器件微加工等手段,在Heusler合金、MMX合金、d-metal合金、Shandite化合物、稀土化合物等体系中,研究磁性拓扑输运、反常霍尔电输运、反常能斯特热输运、磁场驱动马氏体相变、多卡热效应、高自旋极化、自旋玻璃、应变玻璃、磁交换偏置等物理行为,以及磁性相变与结构相变的耦合,共价杂化与磁性的竞争,温度、脉冲磁场、等静压条件下的磁相变及电输运等行为。


过去的主要工作及获得的成果



  • 基于能带计算与实验研究,在国际上实现了首个磁性外尔半金属(Co3Sn2S2),完成了外尔费米子空间-时间反演对称破缺的物理分类拼图,观测到内禀的巨反常霍尔电导(1100-1850 S/cm)及巨反常霍尔角(20%-33%),为高温量子反常霍尔效应(QAHE)的二维铁磁绝缘体提供了理想的长程、面外、本征铁磁体,将拓扑物理与磁学紧密关联起来,推动了“拓扑自旋(热)电子学”的快速发展。相关链接:12345678

  • 基于d-d 弱共价杂化的成键特征,在国际上提出并实现了“(all-d-metal)全过渡族Heusler合金”新体系,打破了传统Heusler合金的成相规律,拓展了Heusler合金的家族成员,并开发出具有中国自主知识产权的新型高强韧磁驱动相变材料。该工作为磁相变领域新材料的设计和丰富物性的调控提供了全新的研究空间。

  • 基于磁相变调控规律,在国际上发现了六角型MMX磁相变合金的“居里温度窗口”物理效应,提出了磁相变设计的“等结构合金化”思想,实现了40-450K宽温域内连续可调的磁驱相变和巨磁热效应。该方法在磁相变领域相变温度和磁结构同步调控中被广为采用,以此开发出磁相变新体系30余种。此研究已成为国家自然科学二等奖的代表性成果之一。相关链接

  • 基于MMX合金及all-d-metal合金的磁相变,开展了等静压、单轴应力、脉冲强磁场条件下的磁性马氏体相变、压热效应(Baro-caloric)、弹热效应(Elasto-caloric)、磁热效应(Magneto-caloric)等系列研究,观察到了多场驱动相变、多卡热效应,为固态制冷技术的发展提供了多场热耦合调控的重要基础。

     

  • 已在Science、Nature Physics、Nature Communications、Physical Review Letters、Science Advances、Advanced Materials、Advanced Functional Materials、Advanced Electronic Materials、Acta Materialia、Physical Review B、Applied Physics Letters等国际期刊上发表学术论文100余篇,文章总引6200余次。其中,5篇入选ESI高被引论文目录(Highly Cited Papers, Top1%)、3篇热点(Hot Papers, Top0.1%)。在国际上首次实现了磁性外尔费米子拓扑半金属,提出并实现了全过渡族Heusler合金新家族,发现了“居里温度窗口”效应并提出了“等结构合金化”方法。授权国际、中国发明专利各4项。在国际学术会议及科研机构做邀请报告30余次。担任波兰国家基金委国际评审专家,Physical Review Letters、Nature Communications、Advanced Energy Materials、Acta Materialia、Applied Physics Reviews等国际期刊审稿人,“中国电子学会应用磁学分会”高级会员,“中国稀土学会磁制冷材料与技术专业委员会”委员,The Innovation国际期刊编委。


代表性论文及专利


 



 



 



 



 



 36. Topological phase transition in a magnetic Weyl semimetal.

D. F. Liu#, Q. N. Xu#, Enke Liu#, J. L. Shen, C. C. Le, Y. W. Li, D. Pei, A. J. Liang, P. Dudin, T. K. Kim, C. Cacho, Y. F. Xu, Y. Sun, L. X. Yang, Z. K. Liu, C. Felser, S. S. P. Parkin, and Y. L. Chen

Physical Review B 104 (2021) 205140. 



35. Artificial intelligence: A powerful paradigm for scientific research.

Yongjun Xu#, Xin Liu#, Xin Cao#, Changping Huang#, Enke Liu#, Sen Qian#, Xingchen Liu#, Yanjun Wu, Fengliang Dong, Cheng-Wei Qiu, Junjun Qiu, Keqin Hua, Wentao Su, Jian Wu, Huiyu Xu, Yong Han, Chenguang Fu, Zhigang Yin, Miao Liu, Ronald Roepman, Sabine Dietmann, Marko Virta, Fredrick Kengara, Ze Zhang, Lifu Zhang, Taolan Zhao, Ji Dai, Jialiang Yang, Liang Lan, Ming Luo, Zhaofeng Liu, Tao An, Bin Zhang, Xiao He, Shan Cong, Xiaohong Liu, Wei Zhang, James P. Lewis, James M. Tiedje, Qi Wang*, Zhulin An*, Fei Wang*, Libo Zhang*, Tao Huang*, Chuan Lu*, Zhipeng Cai*, Fang Wang*, Jiabao Zhang*

The Innovation 2 (2021) 100179. 



34. Ch15:Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys and Compounds,Metallic Magnetic Materials in Handbook of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials.

J. Ping Liu, ..., Enke Liu, ..., (ed. Michael Coey and Stuart Parkin), Springer Cham, 2021 



 33. Evidence for one-dimensional chiral edge states in a magnetic Weyl semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Sean Howard, Lin Jiao, Zhenyu Wang, Noam Morali, Rajib Batabyal, Pranab Kumar-Nag, Nurit Avraham, Haim Beidenkopf, Praveen Vir, Enke Liu, Chandra Shekhar, Claudia Felser, Taylor Hughes & Vidya Madhavan

Nature Communications 12 (2021) 4269



32. 磁相变材料专题·编者按.

刘恩克,刘剑,王敦辉

中国科学: 物理学 力学 天文学 51 (2021) 067501. 



31. Tunable eg Orbital Occupancy in Heusler Compounds for Oxygen Evolution Reaction.

Mingquan Yu, Guowei Li, Chenguang Fu, Enke Liu, Kaustuv Manna, Eko Budiyanto, Qun Yang, Claudia Felser, Harun Tüysüz

Angewandte Chemie 133 (2021) 5864. 



30. On the anomalous low-resistance state and exceptional Hall component in hard-magnetic Weyl nanoflakes (Co3Sn2S2).

QingQi Zeng, GangXu Gu, Gang Shi, JianLei Shen, Bei Ding, Shu Zhang, XueKui Xi, Claudia Felser, YongQing Li, EnKe Liu*

Science China-Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy 64 (2021) 287512. 



29. Spin excitations and spin wave gap in the ferromagnetic Weyl semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Chang Liu, JianLei Shen, JiaCheng Gao, ChangJiang Yi, Di Liu, Tao Xie, Lin Yang, Sergey Danilkin, GuoChu Deng, WenHong Wang, ShiLiang Li, YouGuo Shi, HongMing Weng*, EnKe Liu*, HuiQian Luo*

Science China-Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy 64 (2021) 217062. 



28. Field-Modulated Anomalous Hall Conductivity and Planar Hall Effect in Co3Sn2S2 Nanoflakes.

Shuo-Ying Yang, Jonathan Noky, Jacob Gayles, Fasil Kidane Dejene, Yan Sun, Mathias Dörr, Yurii Skourski, Claudia Felser, Mazhar Nawaz Ali, Enke Liu,* and Stuart S. P. Parkin*

Nano Letters 20 (2020) 7860. 



27. Localized spin-orbit polaron in magnetic Weyl semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Yuqing Xing, Jianlei Shen, Hui Chen, Li Huang, Yuxiang Gao, Qi Zheng, Yu-Yang Zhang, Geng Li, Bin Hu, Guojian Qian, Lu Cao, Xianli Zhang, Peng Fan, Ruisong Ma, Qi Wang, Qiangwei Yin, Hechang Lei, Wei Ji, Shixuan Du, Haitao Yang, Wenhong Wang, Chengmin Shen, Xiao Lin, Enke Liu*, Baogen Shen, Ziqiang Wang* & Hong-Jun Gao*

Nature Communications 11 (2020) 5613




26. Local disorder-induced elevation of intrinsic anomalous Hall conductance in an electron-doped magnetic Weyl semimetal (Co3Sn2S2).

Jianlei Shen, Qiushi Yao, Qingqi Zeng, Hongyi Sun, Xuekui Xi, Guangheng Wu, Wenhong Wang, Baogen Shen, Qihang Liu*, Enke Liu*

Physical Review Letters 125 (2020) 086602. 




25. 33% Giant Anomalous Hall Current Driven by Both Intrinsic and Extrinsic Contributions in Magnetic Weyl Semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Jianlei Shen, Qingqi Zeng, Shen Zhang, Hongyi Sun, Qiushi Yao, Xuekui Xi, Wenhong Wang, Guangheng Wu, Baogen Shen, Qihang Liu, Enke Liu*

Advanced Functional Materials 30 (2020) 2000830.
 



24. Emerging chiral edge states from the confinement of a magnetic Weyl semimetal in Co3Sn2S2.

Lukas Muechler, Enke Liu, Jacob Gayles, Qiunan Xu, Claudia Felser, and Yan Sun

Physical Review B 101 (2020) 115106.



23. Magnetic Weyl semimetal phase in a Kagomé crystal (Co3Sn2S2).

D. F. Liu, A. J. Liang, Enke Liu, Q. N. Xu, Y. W. Li, C. Chen, D. Pei, W. J. Shi, S. K. Mo, P. Dudin, T. Kim, C. Cacho, G. Li, Y. Sun, L. X. Yang, Z. K. Liu, S. S. P. Parkin, C. Felser, Y. L. Chen*

Science 365 (2019) 1282



22. Fermi-arc diversity on surface terminations of the magnetic Weyl semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Noam Morali, Rajib Batabyal, Pranab Kumar Nag, Enke Liu, Qiunan Xu, Yan Sun, Binghai Yan, Claudia Felser, Nurit Avraham, Haim Beidenkopf

Science 365 (2019) 1286



21. Zero-Field Nernst Effect in a Ferromagnetic Kagome-Lattice Weyl-Semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Satya N. Guin, Praveen Vir, Yang Zhang, Nitesh Kumar, Sarah J. Watzman, Chenguang Fu, Enke Liu, Kaustuv Manna, Walter Schnelle, Johannes Gooth, Chandra Shekhar, Yan Sun, Claudia Felser

Advanced Materials 31 (2019) 1806622.



20. Signatures for half-metallicity and nontrivial surface states in the kagome lattice Weyl semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Lin Jiao, Qiunan Xu, Yeryun Cheon, Yan Sun, Claudia Felser, Enke Liu*, and Steffen Wirth*.

Physical Review B 99 (2019) 245158.



19. Surface states in bulk single crystal of topological semimetal Co3Sn2S2 toward water oxidation.

Guowei Li*, Qiunan Xu, Wujun Shi, Chenguang Fu, Lin Jiao, Machteld E. Kamminga, Mingquan Yu, Harun Tüysüz, Nitesh Kumar, Vicky Süß, Rana Saha, Abhay K. Srivastava, Steffen Wirth, Gudrun Auffermann, Johannes Gooth, Stuart Parkin, Yan Sun,*, Enke Liu,* and Claudia Felser*

Science Advances 5 (2019) eaaw9867.



18. Topological surface Fermi arcs in the magnetic Weyl semimetal Co3Sn2S2.

Qiunan Xu, Enke Liu, Wujun Shi, Lukas Muechler, Jacob Gayles, Claudia Felser, and Yan Sun

Physical Review B 97 (2018) 235416



17. Giant anomalous Hall effect in a ferromagnetic kagome-lattice semimetal (Co3Sn2S2).

Enke Liu*,  Yan Sun*,  Nitesh Kumar,  Lukas Muechler,  Aili Sun,  Lin Jiao,  Shuo-Ying Yang, Defa Liu, Aiji Liang,  Qiunan Xu,  Johannes Kroder,  Vicky Süß,  Horst Borrmann,  Chandra Shekhar, Zhaosheng Wang,  Chuanying Xi,  Wenhong Wang,  Walter Schnelle,  Steffen Wirth,  Yulin Chen,  Sebastian T. B. Goennenwein &  Claudia Felser*

Nature Physics 14 (2018) 1125-1131



16. Stable magnetostructural coupling with tunable magnetoresponsive effects in hexagonal ferromagnets.

Enke Liu, Wenhong Wang*, Lin Feng, Wei Zhu, Guijiang Li, Jinglan Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Guangheng Wu, Chengbao Jiang, Huibin Xu, and Frank de Boer

Nature Communications 3 (2012) 873



15. An efficient scheme to tailor the magnetostructural transitions by staged quenching and cyclical ageing in hexagonal martensitic alloys.

Yong Li, Qingqi Zeng, Zhiyang Wei, Enke Liu*, Xiaolei Han, Zhiwei Du, Lingwei Li, Xuekui Xi, Wenhong Wang, Shouguo Wang, Guangheng Wu.

Acta Materialia 174 (2019) 289.



14. Unprecedentedly Wide Curie-Temperature Windows as Phase-Transition Design Platform for Tunable Magneto-Multifunctional Materials.

Zhiyang Wei, Enke Liu*, Yong Li,  Guizhou Xu,  Xiaoming Zhang,  Guodong Liu, Xuekui Xi,  Hongwei Zhang,  Wenhong Wang,  Guangheng Wu, and Xixiang Zhang

Advanced Electronic Materials 7 (2015) 1500076.



13. Transition from Anomalous Hall Effect to Topological Hall Effect in Hexagonal Non-Collinear Magnet Mn3Ga.

Zhuhong Liu*, Yajiu Zhang, Guodong Liu, Bei Ding, Enke Liu*, Hasnain Mehdi Jafri, Zhipeng Hou, Wenhong Wang, Xingqiao Ma, and Guangheng Wu 

Scientific Reports 7 (2017) 515.



12. Realization of multifunctional shape-memory ferromagnets in all-d-metal Heusler phases.

Zhiyang Wei, Enke Liu*, Jiahua Chen, Yong Li, Guodong Liu, Hongzhi Luo, Xuekui Xi, Hongwei Zhang, Wenhong Wang, and Guangheng Wu

Applied Physics Letters 107 (2015) 022406.



11. Magnetostructural martensitic transformations with large volume changes and magneto-strains in all-d-metal Heusler alloys.

Zhiyang Wei, Enke Liu*, Yong Li, Xiaolei Han, Zhiwei Du, Hongzhi Luo, Guodong Liu, Xuekui Xi, Hongwei Zhang, Wenhong Wang, and Guangheng Wu

Applied Physics Letters 109 (2016) 071904.



10. Electronic behaviors during martensitic transformations in all-d-metal Heusler alloys.

Qingqi Zeng, Jianlei Shen, Hongguo Zhang, Jie Chen, Bei Ding, Xuekui Xi, Enke Liu*, Wenhong Wang, Guangheng Wu.

Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 31 (2019) 425401.



9. Atomic configuration, unusual lattice constant change, and tunable ferromagnetism in all-d-metal Heusler alloys Fe2CrV-FeCr2V.

Jianlei Shen, Qingqi Zeng, Hongguo Zhang, Xuekui Xi, Enke Liu*, Wenhong Wang, Guangheng Wu.

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 492 (2019) 165661.



8. Windows open for highly tunable magnetostructural phase transitions.

Yong Li, Zhiyang Wei, Hongguo Zhang, Enke Liu*, Hongzhi Luo, Guodong Liu, Xuekui Xi, Shouguo Wang, Wenhong Wang, Ming Yue, Guangheng Wu, and Xixiang Zhang

APL Materials 4 (2016) 071101



7A coupling of martensitic and metamagnetic transitions with collective magneto-volume and table-like magnetocaloric effects.

Enke Liu, Zhiyang Wei, Yong Li, Guodong Liu, Hongzhi Luo, Wenhong Wang, Hongwei Zhang, and Guangheng Wu

Applied Physics Letters 105 (2014) 062401.



6Giant magnetocaloric effect in isostructural MnNiGe-CoNiGe system by establishing a Curie-temperature window.

Enke Liu, Hongguo Zhang, Guizhou Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Ruisong Ma, Wenhong Wang, Jinglan Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Guangheng Wu, Lin Feng, and Xixiang Zhang

Applied Physics Letters 102 (2013) 122405.



5. Vacancy-tuned paramagnetic/ferromagnetic martensitic transformation in Mn-poor Mn1-xCoGe alloys.

Enke Liu, Wei Zhu, Lin Feng, Jinglan Chen, Wenhong Wang, Guangheng Wu, Heyan Liu, Fanbin Meng, Hongzhi Luo, and Yiangxian Li

Europhysics Letters 91 (2010) 17003



4Coherent tunneling and giant tunneling magnetoresistance in Co2FeAl/MgO/CoFe magnetic tunneling junctions.

Wenhong Wang, Enke Liu, M. Kodzuka, H. Sukegawa, M. Wojcik, E. Jedryka, Guangheng Wu, K. Inomata, S. Mitani, K. Hono

Physical Review B 81(R) (2010) 140402



3A Centrosymmetric Hexagonal Magnet with Superstable Biskyrmion Magnetic Nanodomains in a Wide Temperature Range of 100–340 K.

Wenhong Wang, Ying Zhang, Guizhou Xu, Licong Peng, Bei Ding, Yue Wang, Zhipeng Hou, Xiaoming Zhang, Xiyang Li,  Enke Liu, Shouguo Wang, Jianwang Cai, Fangwei Wang, Jianqi Li, Fengxia Hu, Guangheng Wu, Baogen Shen, XiXiang Zhang.

Advanced Materials 28 (2016) 6887



2Observation of Various and Spontaneous Magnetic Skyrmionic Bubbles at Room Temperature in a Frustrated Kagome Magnet with Uniaxial Magnetic Anisotropy.

Zhipeng Hou, Weijun Ren, Bei Ding, Guizhou Xu, Yue Wang, Bing Yang, Qiang Zhang, Ying Zhang, Enke Liu, Feng Xu, Wenhong Wang  Guangheng Wu  Xixiang Zhang  Baogen Shen  Zhidong Zhang.

Advanced Materials 30 (2018) 1706306



1Electric Field Control of the Magnetocaloric Effect.

Yuanyuan Gong, Dunhui Wang, Qingqi Cao, Enke Liu, Jian Liu, Youwei Du.

Advanced Materials 27 (2015) 801



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目前的研究课题及展望


目前承担国家基金委“优青”、面上项目,基金委基础科学中心项目,科技部“变革性技术”专题重点研发计划,中科院重大科研仪器研制项目,中科院战略性先导科技专项B类,北京市基金委重点专题,合肥强磁场科学中心高端用户基金。以理论预测+实验探索为研究方式,坚持磁性功能新材料的设计和实现,并研究其奇异物理行为。于物理与材料的结合部,探索新奇,发现规律。


培养研究生情况


已培养硕博研究生多名,每年拟招收硕博连读生或博士研究生1~2人,欢迎具有物理或材料背景的学生联系报考。欢迎相关专业背景的博士后加盟。提供优厚待遇和国际交流合作的机会。


其他联系方式


北京中关村南三街8号

中科院物理所M楼 M09组


电话:

010-82649085

Email

ekliu@iphy.ac.cn