郭海明

简介


郭海明,男,1975年1月出生,研究员,博士生导师,中国科学院物理研究所“百人计划”入选者,现任中国真空学会秘书长。
1995年毕业于北京航空航天大学材料科学与工程系,获学士学位,1998年毕业于西北工业大学材料科学与工程系,获硕士学位,2004年毕业于中国科学院物理研究所,获凝聚态物理专业理学博士学位。2004-2006年在法国国家科研中心材料制造与结构研究所(CEMES-CNRS,图卢兹)博士后,在Christian Joachim教授领导的纳米科学研究组从事功能纳米结构和电子器件的制备及其物性研究工作。2007年12月到2008年4月在德国慕尼黑大学物理系纳米科学中心(CeNS-LMU, WMI, 慕尼黑)做访问学者。2007年到中科院物理研究所纳米物理与器件实验室工作,2009-2017年担任纳米物理与器件实验室副主任。

主要研究方向


多年来围绕新型功能纳米结构的可控制备,新奇物性与功能调控开展研究,在单个原子/分子尺度上研究低维磁性纳米结构的性质及其调控方面,以及面向纳米电子器件的石墨烯二维材料和分子电子学材料等的制备、表征与物性方面,开展了系统的研究工作,取得了多项有国际影响力的创新性成果。具体的研究领域包括纳米结构和薄膜器件的构建及其物理,低维纳米结构和材料的制备与物性测试,扫描探针显微技术(SPM)和应用,等领域的研究工作。最近研究兴趣包括太阳能电池材料(硅薄膜,硅量子点,CIGS薄膜,钙钛矿型电池材料,以及石墨烯电极材料)的制备和研发。

过去的主要工作及获得的成果


在研究固体表面上单个磁性原子/分子的自旋态探测和调控方面,以及面向纳米电子器件的石墨烯和低维量子材料的结构与物性调控方面进行了系统的研究工作,取得了一些有国际影响力的创新性成果:1) 国际上首次实验观测到和证实了单层石墨烯上磁性原子的近藤效应,并实现了基底对其近藤温度的调制(Nano Lett. 14, 4011 (2014), Appl. Phys. Lett 107, 071604 (2015));2) 利用高能量分辨的STM非弹性自旋激发谱技术,直接在原子尺度实现了对磁性原子间相互作用的调制,也首次实验证实了石墨烯可以作为媒介诱导产生非局域的RKKY间接交换相互作用(Phy. Rev. Lett. 119, 176806 (2017));3) 研究了石墨烯在氮化硼基底上的公度—非公度转变,他利用 STM /AFM 高分辨图像为其提供了原子尺度上最直接和确定的证据(Nat. Phys. 10, 451 (2014));4) 对“自然图案化”的新型二维原子晶体材料进行了结构表征,并利用磁性分子和原子等的选择性沉积吸附实现功能化,同时对其电子学和磁学特性进行了测试和研究(Nat. Mater. 16, 717 (2017));5) 在利用台阶-台面应力调制氧化物薄膜的电学特性方面开展了系列卓有成效的研究工作(J. Mater. Chem. C. 2, 5660 (2014), ACS App. Mater. Interf. 6, 6704 (2014), 6, 8526 (2014), 2, 2496 (2010));6) 在科研仪器的研制和搭建方面进行了创新性和有特色的工作,完成搭建了一台超高真空极低温矢量磁场扫描隧道显微镜 mK-(9-2-2)T-UHV-STM和MBE-LEED 联合系统,空间分辨率和能量分辨率在国际上处于先进水平。
主要工作业绩还包括在金属单晶基底上高质量单晶石墨烯薄膜的生长制备,用扫描隧道谱(STS)方法研究了Ru(0001)单晶表面graphene形成的Moiré超周期结构单元“零维的”量子点特性,这是首次报道发现基于石墨烯的大面积周期性量子点结构,还可能通过磁场、分子吸附或改变基底等方法进行调控(J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22: 302001, Appl. Phys. Lett., 98: 033101),同时利用插层的方法在石墨烯表面制备了大面积高度均匀有序硅量子点阵列;在利用“自上而下”的纳米图形加工技术与“自下而上”的分子自组装、SPM加工操纵技术相结合来制备分子纳米器件的前沿领域内做出了非常有特色的工作。研制了一种超高真空微超静间系统(UHV micro clean room),采用静态和动态纳米模板沉积相结合的方法,实现纳米电子器件从纳米尺度到宏观尺度的电学连接和测量,并通过纳米模板沉积的方法实现了各种纳米结构和图案的制备[Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79:103904,APL 90, 093113]。用超高真空扫描隧道显微镜(UHV-STM)研究Ge 量子点在Si (111)表面的初期吸附,成核以及自组织生长,证明了Ge 替代Si的吸附机制 (Phys. Rev. Lett., 94:106101)。通过改进STM针尖,得到了国际上目前为止最高分辨的Si(111)7×7表面STM图像(Phys. Rev. B, 70: 073312)等。在单个原子/分子尺度上研究低维磁性纳米结构的性质及其调控方面,以及面向纳米电子器件的石墨烯二维材料和分子电子学材料等的制备、表征与物性方面,开展了系统的研究工作,取得了多项有国际影响力的创新性成果。发表SCI论文 60 余篇,其中包括Nat. Phys. 1 篇、 Nat. Mater. 1 篇、Phys. Rev. Lett. 1 篇、Nano Lett. 1 篇、Small 1 篇、Adv. Mater. 2 篇、2D Mater. 1 篇、Appl. Phys. Lett. 7 篇、J. Phys. Chem. C 6 篇等,应邀撰写英文期刊评论 3 篇,学术书籍章节 5 章。全部论文引用 1200 余次,其中他引 800 余次。在国内外学术会议上作邀请报告 30余次(国际邀请报告 21 次)。
主持和参加国家973纳米重大研究计划课题3项,科技部纳米重点专项1项,负责自然基金委面上项目3项,参与重点项目2项,参加科技部、基金委和中国科学院多个项目课题的研究工作。为Phys. Rev. Lett.、Phys. Rev. B、Nano Lett.、Adv. Mater.、Appl. Phys. Lett.、New J. Physics、Solid Thin Film和Surf. Sci.等期刊的审稿人。

代表性论文及专利


[1] J. D. Ren#, H. M. Guo# *, J. B. Pan#, Y. F. Zhang, Y. F. Zhang, X. Wu, S. X. Du, M. Ouyang and H. J. Gao, Inter-atomic Spin Coupling in ManganeseClusters Registered on Graphene, Phy. Rev. Lett. 119, 176806 (2017)
[2] X. Lin, J. C. Lu, Y. Shao, Y. Y. Zhang, X. Wu, J. B. Pan, L. Gao, W. Zhou, H. M. Guo, Y. L.Wang, S. X. Du, S. T. Pantelides and H.-J. Gao et al, Intrinsically patterned two-dimensional materials for selective adsorption of molecules and nanoclusters, Nat. Mater. 16, 717 (2017)
[3] T. Liang, G. He, X. Wu, J. D. Ren, H. X. Guo, Y. H. Kong, H. D. Iwai, D. Fujita, H. J. Gao, H. M. Guo*, Y. C. Liu* and M. S. Xu*, Permeation through graphene ripples, 2D Materials. 4, 025010 (2017).
[4] Y. Q. Wang#, X. Wu#, Y. L. Wang, Y. Shao, T. Lei, J. O. Wang, S. Y. Zhu, H. M. Guo, L. X. Zhao, G. F. Chen, S. M. Nie, H. M. Weng, K. Ibrahim, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and H. J. Gao*, Spontaneous Formation of a Superconductor–Topological Insulator–Normal Metal Layered Heterostructure. Adv. Mater. 28, 5013 (2016)
[5] Y. Q. Wang, X. Wu, Y. F. Ge, Y. L. Wang, H. M. Guo, Y. Shao, T. Lei, C. Liu, J. O. Wang, S. Y. Zhu, Z. L. Liu, W. Guo, K. Ibrahim, Y. G. Yao, and H. J. Gao, Tunable Electronic Structures in Wrinkled 2D Transition-Metal-Trichalcogenide (TMT) HfTe3 Films, Adv. Electron. Mater. 2, 1600324 (2016)
[6] J. D. Ren, X. Wu, H. M. Guo*, J. B. Pan, H. G. Luo, S. X. Du, and H. J. Gao, Lateral manipulation and interplay of local Kondo resonances in a two-impurity Kondo system, Appl. Phys. Lett 107, 071604 (2015)
[7] J. D. Ren#, H. M. Guo#, J. B. Pan#, Y. Y. Zhang#, X. Wu, H. G. Luo, S. X. Du, S. T. Pantelides, and H. J. Gao, Kondo Effect of Cobalt Adatoms on a Graphene Monolayer Controlled by Substrate-Induced Ripples. Nano Lett. 14, 4011 (2014)
[8] C. R.Woods, L. Britnell, A. Eckmann, R. S. Ma, J. C. Lu, H. M. Guo, X. Lin, G. L. Yu, Y. Cao, R. V. Gorbachev, A. V. Kretinin, J. Park, L. A. Ponomarenko, M. I. Katsnelson, Yu. N. Gornostyrev, K.Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, C. Casiraghi, H-J. Gao, A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, Commensurate–incommensurate transition in graphene on hexagonal boron nitride. Nat. Phys. 10, 451 (2014)
[9] Q. Zou, M. Liu, G. Q. Wang, H. L. Lu, T. Z. Yang, H. M. Guo*, C. R. Ma, X. Xu, M. H. Zhang, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, Y. Lin, H. J. Gao, and C. L. Chen, Step Terrace Tuned Anisotropic Transport Properties of Highly Epitaxial LaBaCo2O5.5+δ Thin Films on Vicinal SrTiO3 Substrates ACS App. Mater. Interf. 6, 6704 (2014)
[10] H. M. Guo, Y. L. Wang, S. X. Du and H. J. Gao, High-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy imaging of Si(111)-7×7 structure and intrinsic molecular states. J. Phys. Condens. Matter, 26, 394001 (2014)
[11] H. B. Wang, S. Y. Bao, J. Liu, G. Collins, C. R. Ma, M. Liu, C. L. Chen, C. Dong, M.-H. Whangbo, H. M. Guo and H. J. Gao, Ultrafast chemical dynamic behavior in highly epitaxial LaBaCo2O5+d thin films. J. Mater. Chem. C. 2, 5660 (2014)
[12] M. Liu#, Q. Zou#, C. R. Ma, G. Collins, S B Mi, C L Jia, H. M. Guo, H. J. Gao, and C. L. Chen, Strain-Induced Anisotropic Transport Properties of LaBaCo2O5.5+delta Thin Films on NdGaO3 Substrates. ACS App. Mater. Interf. 6, 8526 (2014)
[13] Q. Zou, B. D. Belle, L. Z. Zhang, W. D. Xiao, K. Yang, L. W. Liu,G. Q. Wang, X. M. Fei, Y. Huang, R. S. Ma, Y. Lu, P. H. Tan, H. M. Guo*, S. X. Du, and H.-J. Gao*, Modulation of Fermi velocities of Dirac electrons in single layer graphene by moiré superlattice. Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 113106 (2013)
[14] D. Y. Zhong, L. F. Chi, H. M. Guo, D. X. Shi and H. Fuchs, Molecular Cloisonné: Multicomponent Organic Alternating Nanostructures at Vicinal Surfaces with Tunable Length Scales, Small 8, 535 (2012)
[15] J. H. Mao, L. Huang, Y. Pan, M. Gao, J. F. He, H. T. Zhou, H. M. Guo, A. H. Castro Neto, and H. J. Gao et al, Silicon layer intercalation of centimeter-scale, epitaxially grown monolayer graphene on Ru(0001). Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 093101 (2012)(Cover story)
[16] G. Li, H. T. Zhou, L. D. Pan, Y. Zhang, J. H. Mao, Q. Zou, H. M. Guo, Y. L. Wang, S. X. Du, and H.-J. Gao, Self-assembly of C60 monolayer on epitaxially grown, nanostructured graphene on Ru(0001) surface. Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 013304 (2012)
[17] Z. W. Shi, H. L. Lu, L. C. Zhang, R. Yang, Y. Wang, D. H. Liu, H. M. Guo, D. X. Shi, H. J. Gao, E. G. Wang and G. Y. Zhang. Studies of Graphene-Based Nanoelectromechanical Switches. Nano Res. 5, 82 (2012)
[18] Y. L. Wang, Z. H. Cheng, Z. T. Deng, H. M. Guo, S. X. Du, and H. J. Gao, Modifying the STM Tip for the ‘Ultimate’ Imaging of the Si(111)-7×7 Surface and Metal-supported Molecules. Chimia 66, 31 (2012)(邀请综述文章)
[19] L. Z. Zhang, Z. H. Cheng, Q. Huan, X. H. He, X. Lin, L. Gao, Z. T. Deng, N. Jiang, Q. Liu, S. X. Du, H. M. Guo, and H. J. Gao, Site- and Configuration-Selective Anchoring of Iron_Phthalocyanine on the Step Edges of Au(111) Surface, J. Phys. Chem. C. 115, 10791 (2011)
[20] Z. H. Cheng, S. X. Du, W. Guo, L. Gao, Z. T. Deng, N. Jiang, H. M. Guo, H. Tang, and H. -J. Gao, Direct Imaging of Molecular Orbitals of Metal Phthalocyanines on Metal Surfaces with an O2-Functionalized Tip of a Scanning Tunneling Microscope, Nano Res. 4, 523–530, (2011)
[21] M. Gao, Y. Pan, L. Huang, H. Hu, L. Z. Zhang, H. M. Guo, S. X. Du, and H.-J. Gao. “Epitaxial growth and structural property of graphene on Pt(111)”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 033101 (2011)
[22] H. G. Zhang, J. T. Sun, L. Z. Zhang, Y. Pan, Q. Liu, J. H. Mao, H. T. Zhou, H. M. Guo, S. X. Du, F. Guinea, and H.-J. Gao, Assembly of iron phthalocyanine and pentacene molecules on a graphene monolayer grown on Ru(0001),Phys. Rev. B 84, 245436 (2011)
[23] H. L. Lu, C. D. Zhang, H. M. Guo, H. -J. Gao, M. Liu, J. Liu, G. Collins, and C. L. Chen. "Surface-Step-Terrace-Induced Anomalous Transport Properties in Highly Epitaxial La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 Thin Films".  ACS Appl. Mater. & Interf. 2, 2496 (2010)
[24] H. G. Zhang, H. Hu, Y. Pan, J. H. Mao, M. Gao, H. M. Guo, S. X. Du, T. Greber, H.-J. Gao “Graphene based quantum dots”. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 22, 302001 (2010)
[25] Z. C. Zong, M. Z. Zhang, H. L. Lu, D. Xu, S. M. Wang, H. F. Tian, C. Liu, H. M. Guo, H. J. Gao, and G. T. Zou, “Synthesis of PbTe/Pb quasi-one-dimensional nanostructure material arrays by electrodeposition.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 143113 (2010).
[26] Z. T. Deng, H. M. Guo, W. Guo, L. Gao, Z. H. Cheng, D. X. Shi, and H.-J. Gao, “Structural Properties of Tetra-tert-butyl Zinc(II) Phthalocyanine Isomers on a Au(111) Surface”, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 11223–11227(2009)
[27] Y. L. Wang, H. M. Guo, Z. H. Qin, H. F. Ma, and H. J. Gao. Toward a Detailed Understanding of Si(111)-7×7 Surface and Adsorbed Ge Nanostructures: Fabrications, Structures,and Calculations. Journal of Nanomaterials, ID 874213, 1-18 (2008)
[28] L. Cai, M. Feng, H. M. Guo, W. Ji, S. X. Du, L. F. Chi, H. Fuchs, H. J. Gao. Reversible and Reproducible Conductance Transition in a Polyimide Thin Film, J. Phys. Chem. C.112, 17038 (2008)
[29] X. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Wen, H. M. Guo, L. Jiang, H. J. Gao and Y. L. Song et al. Molecularly Controlled Modulation of Conductance on Azobenzene Monolayer-Modified Dilicon Surfaces, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 8288 (2008)
[30] H. M. Guo, D. Martrou, T. Zambelli, E.Dujardin and S. Gauthier, Development of UHV dynamic nanostencil for surface patterning. Rev. Sci. Instrum.79, 103904 (2008)
[31] H. M. Guo, D. Martrou, T. Zambelli, E.Dujardin and S. Gauthier. Nanostenciling for fabrication and interconnection of nanopatterns and microelectrodes. Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 093113 (2007)
[32] Z. H. Cheng, L. Gao, Z. T. Deng, D. X. Shi, S. X. Du, H. M. Guo and H. J. Gao. Adsorption behavior of iron phthalocyanine on Au(111) surface at submonolayer coverage, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 9240 (2007)
[33] J. Polesel-Maris, H. M. Guo, T. Zambelli and S. Gauthier, Mapping Van der Waals Forces with Frequency Modulation Dynamic Force Microscopy. Nanotechnology 17: 4204 (2006)
[34] Wang Y L, Gao H J, Guo H M, Wang S W, Pantelides S T, Bonding Configurations and Collective Patterns of Ge Atoms Adsorbed on Si(111)-7×7. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94:106101 (2005)
[35] Wang Y L, Gao H J, Guo H M, Liu H W, H J, Batyrev I G, McMahon W E, Zhang S B, Tip Size Effect on the Appearance of a STM Image for Complex Surfaces: Theory versus Experiment for Si(111)-7×7. Phys. Rev. B, 70: 073312 (2004)
[36] Guo H M, Wang Y L, Liu H W, Ma H F, Qin Z H, and Gao H J, Formation of Ge Nanoclusters on Si(111)-7×7 Surface at High Temperature. Surface Science, 561: 227 (2004)
[37] Guo H M, Liu H W, Wang Y L, Wang W Q, Gong Y, Gao H J, Surface Structures of DL-Valine and L-Alanine Crystals Observed by Atomic Force Microscopy at a Molecular Resolution. Surface Science, 552: 70 (2004)
[38] Guo H M, Liu H W, Wang Y L, Gao H J, Shang H X, Liu Z W, Xie H M, Dai F L, Nanometre Moire Fringes in Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Surface Lattices. Nanotechnology 15: 991 (2004)
[39] Guo H M, Liu H W, Wang Y L, Xie H M, Dai F L, Gao H J, Moire Fringes of HOPG and Mica in Scanning Probe Microscopy. Acta Physica Sinica 52 : 2512 (2003)
[40] Liu H W, Guo H M, Wang Y L, Wang Y T, Wei L, Self-assembled Stripes on the Anodic Aluminum Oxide by Atomic Force Microscope Observation. Appl. Surf. Sci. 219: 282  (2003)
[41] Liu H W, Guo H M, Lin X, Yan L, Zhang Y P, Yang H Q, Pang S J, Gao H J, Self-assembly of ordered Ge and Si nano-structure on silicon surfaces. (2003) Advanced Nanomaterials and Nanodevices, pp592-610. IOP Publishing Ltd., London,
[42] Liu H W, Yang H Q, Guo H M, Wang Y L, Lin X, Pang S J, Gao H J, Pattern formation of Si on the Dimer Vacancy array by self-assembly. Nanotechnology 13: 729 (2002)
[43] Xie H M, Shang H X, Liu Z W, Guo H M, Gao H J, Phase shifting nano-moire with Scanning tunneling microscope. Optics and Lasers in Engineering,41: 755 (2004)

学术书籍章节:
[1]  H. M. Guo, Y. L. Wang, M. Feng L. Gao, and H. J. Gao,
      “Probing Single Molecule Motors on Solid Surface” in << Atomic Scale Interconnection Machines,       Advances in Single Atoms and Molecule Machines>>, Chapter 17.
    Ed. C. Joachim, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (2012)
[2]  H. M. Guo, Y. L. Wang, and H. J. Gao,
      “Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of the Si(111)-7×7 Surface and Adsorbed Ge Nanostructures” in       <>, Chapter 17.
     Eds. B. Bhushan and H. Fuchs, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg (2009)
[3]  Y. L. Wang, H. M. Guo, H. J. Gao,
      “Graphene on Crystalline Metal Surfaces”, in Book <>. Chapter 4
       Eds. by Klaus Wandelt, Wiely VCH (2013).
[4]  D. Martrou, L. Guiraud, E. Dujardin, S. Gauthier, J. Maris, M. Venegas, H. Guo and T. Leoni et al,
       “The DUF Project: A UHV Factory for Multi-Interconnection of a Molecule Logic Gates on Insulating Substrate” in << Atomic Scale Interconnection Machines, Advances in Single Atoms and Molecule Machines>>, Chapter 4.
       Ed. C. Joachim, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (2012)
[5]  Y. L. Wang, Q. Liu, H. G. Zhang, H. M. Guo, and H. J. Gao,
       “Molecular Rotors Observed by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy” in <>, Chapter 11.
       Eds. W. L. Zhou and Z. L. Wang, Springer NY Heidelberg London (2011)
 

培养研究生情况


已协助高鸿钧院士指导培养博士毕业生12名,硕士毕业生14名。

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传真: (+86) 10 6255 6598
电子邮件: hmguo@iphy.ac.cn

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