张杰

简介


张杰,主要从事强激光与等离子体相互作用研究和高能量密度物理研究,在近水窗波段X射线激光饱和输出,磁重联天体物理过程的实验室研究,与快点火激光核聚变相关的超热电子产生与传输等,激光核聚变先进点火方案等多个前沿方向都做出了重要学术成就,并因此获得激光聚变研究领域国际最重要奖项-美国核学会颁发的爱德华·泰勒奖、第三世界科学院TWAS物理奖等多个国内外重要科技奖项。由于这些成就,他于2003年当选中国科学院院士、2007年当选德国科学院院士、2008年当选发展中国家科学院院士,2011年当选英国皇家工程院外籍院士、2012年当选美国科学院外籍院士。张杰目前的主要研究方向是激光核聚变先进点火方案。张杰在2003年至2018年间,曾任中科院基础科学局局长、上海交通大学校长、中国科学院副院长、中国科学院大学党委书记等 职务。张杰是中共十七届、十八届中央候补委员,十三届全国政协常委。

主要研究方向


强激光-等离子体相互作用与高能量密度物理

过去的主要工作及获得的成果


张杰及其同事在X射线激光和强场物理等方面做出了出色的成绩。近5年的主要成就包括:建成了综合性能先进的极光系列超短超强激光装置;自主建立和发展了由相关实验诊断设备和系列数值模拟程序组成的强场物理研究平台;揭示了超短超强激光吸收机制相互转换的规律;提出了强激光场对电子的随机加热和加速等新机制;实现了强场产生超热电子的定向发射和控制;证实了快点火激光聚变新方案中锥形靶对超热电子的聚焦作用;提出了产生超强THz辐射新理论,并得到初步实验证实;揭示了超短超强激光在大气中传输及超长距离自聚焦等离子体通道产生的规律等。 在 “Science”、 “Physical Review Letters”等国际学术刊物上发表论文210篇,被科学引文数据库(SCI)引用1325次,近5年在重要国际学术会议上做特邀报告30次,在国际X射线激光和强场物理研究领域享有很高的学术地位和声望。

代表性论文及专利


1. “Multimillijoule coherent terahertz bursts from picosecond laser-irradiated metal foils”,GQ Liao, YT Li, H Liu, GG Scott, D Neely, BJ Zhu, C Amstrong, E Zemaityte, P Bradford, PG Huggard, DR Rusby, P McKenna, CM Brenner, NC Woolsey, WM Wang, ZM Sheng, J ZhangProc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 116(10), 3994-3999 (2019). 
2. “Terahertz Oscilloscope for Recording Time Information of Ultrashort Electron Beams”,LR Zhao, Z Wang, H Tang, Y Cheng, C Lu, T Jiang, PF Zhu, L Hu, W Song, HD Wang, JQ Qiu, R Kostin, CG Jiang, S Antipov, P Wang, J Qi, Y Cheng, D Xiang, J Zhang,Physical Review Letters 122, 144801 (2019). 
3. “Manipulation of polarizations for broadband terahertz waves emitted from laser plasma filaments”,ZL Zhang, YP Chen, S Cui, F He, M Chen, Z Zhang, J Yu, LM Chen, ZM Sheng, J ZhangNature Photonics12 (9), 554, (2018). 
4. “Terahertz Streaking of Few-Femtosecond Relativistic Electron Beams”,LR Zhao, Z Wang, C Lu, R Wang, C Hu, P Wang, J Qi, T Jiang, SG Liu, ZR Ma, FF Qi, PF Zhu, Y Cheng, ZW Shi, YC Shi, W Song, XX Zhu, JR Shi, YX Wang, LX Yan, LG Zhu, D Xiang, J Zhang,Physical Review X  8 (2), 082801 (2018). 
5. “Ultrahigh-charge electron beams from laser-irradiated solid surface”,Y Ma, JR Zhao, YF Li, DZ Li, LM Chen, JX Liu, SJD Dann, YY Ma, XH Yang, ZY Ge, ZM Sheng, J Zhang,Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 115 (27), 6980-6985, (2018).
6. “Collimated ultrabright gamma rays from electron wiggling along a petawatt laser-irradiated wire in the QED regime”,WM Wang, ZM Sheng, P Gibbon, LM Chen, YT Li, J Zhang,Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 115 (40), 9911-9916, (2018). 
7. “Coulomb-Driven Relativistic Electron Beam Compression”,C Lu, T Jiang, SJ Liu, R Wang, LR Zhao, PF Zhu, D Xiang, J Zhang, Physical Review Letters 120 (4), 044801 (2018). 
8. “Multistage Coupling of Laser-Wakefield Accelerators with Curved Plasma Channels”,J Luo, M Chen, WY Wu, SM Weng, ZM Sheng, CB Schroeder, DA Jaroszynski, E Esarey, WP Leemans, WB Mori, J Zhang,Physical Review Letters 120 (15), 154801 (2018). 
9. “Laboratory Investigation of Astrophysical Collimated Jets with Intense Lasers”,DW Yuan, YT Li, T Tao, HG Wei, JY Zhong, BJ Zhu, YF Li, JR Zhao, F Li, B Han, Z Zhang, GY Liang, FL Wang, GY Hu, J Zheng, SE Jiang, K Du, YK Ding, SL Zhou, BQ Zhu, JQ Zhu, G Zhao, J Zhang,Astrophysical Journal  860 (2), 146 (2018). 
10. “Extreme case of Faraday effect: magnetic splitting of ultrashort laser pulses in plasmas”,SM Weng, Q Zhao, ZM Sheng, W Yu, SX Luan, M Chen, LL Yu, M Murakami, WB Mori, J Zhang,Optica 4 (9), 1086-1091, (2017). 
11. “Plasma optical modulators for intense lasers”,LL Yu, Y Zhao, LJ Qian, M Chen, SM Weng, ZM Sheng, DA Jaroszynski, WB Mori, J Zhang,Nature Communications, 7, 11893 (2016). 
12. “Controllable Terahertz Radiation from a Linear-Dipole Array Formed by a Two-Color Laser Filament in Air”,ZL Zhang, YP Chen, M Chen, Z Zhang, J Yu, ZM Sheng, J Zhang,Physical Review Letters, 117(24), 243901 (2016). 
13. “Demonstration of Coherent Terahertz Transition Radiation from Relativistic Laser-Solid Interactions”,GQ Liao, YT Li, YH Zhang, H Liu, XL Ge, S Yang, WQ Wei, XH Yuan, YQ Deng, BJ Zhu, Z Zhang, WM Wang, ZM Sheng, LM Chen, X Lu, JL Ma, X Wang, J Zhang,Physical Review Letters, 116(20), 205003 (2016). 
14. “Relativistic Electrons Produced by Reconnecting Electric Fields in a Laser-Driven Bench-Top Solar Flare”,JY Zhong, J Lin, YT Li, X Wang, Y Li, K Zhang, DW Yuan, YL Ping, HG Wei, JQ Wang, LN Su, F Li, B Han, GQ Liao, CL Yin, Y Fang, X Yuan, C Wang, JR Sun, GY Liang, FL Wang, YK Ding, XT He, JQ Zhu, ZM Sheng, G Li, G Zhao, J Zhang,Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 225(2), 30 (2016). 
15. “Tunable synchrotron-like radiation from centimeter scale plasma channels”,M Chen, J Luo, FY Li, F Liu, ZM Sheng, J Zhang,LightScience&Applications, 5, e16015 (2016). 
16. “Mapping transient electric fields with picosecond electron bunches”,L. Chen, R.Z. Li, J. Chena, P.F. Zhu, F. Liu, J. Cao, Z.M. Sheng, and J. Zhang,Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 112(47), 14479-14483 (2015). 
17. “Demonstration of nonlinear-energy-spread compensation in relativistic electron bunches with corrugated structures”,F Fu, R Wang, P Zhu, L Zhao, T Jiang, C Lu, S Liu, L Shi, L Yan, H Deng, C Feng, Q Gu, D Huang, B Liu, D Wang, X Wang, M Zhang, Z Zhao, G Stupakov, D Xiang, and J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 114, 114801 (2015). 
18. “Multichromatic narrow-energy-spread electron bunches from laser-wakefield acceleration with dual-color lasers”,M Zeng, M Chen, LL Yu, WB Mori, ZM Sheng, B Hidding, DA Jaroszynski, and J ZhangPhys. Rev. Lett., 114, 084801 (2015). 
19. “Bursts of Terahertz radiation from large-scale plasmas irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses”,GQ Liao, YT Li, C Li, LN Su, Y Zheng, M Liu, WM Wang, ZD. Hu, WC Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y Liu, X Wang, LM Chen, JL Ma, X Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, ZM Sheng and J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett.,114, 255001 (2015). 
20. “Chinese university: reform in three steps”,J Zhang,Nature, 514, 295 (2014). 
21. “Concurrence of monoenergetic electron beams and bright X-rays from an evolving laser-plasma bubble”,WC Yan, LM Chen, DZ Li, L Zhang, Nasr A. M. Hafz, J. Dunn, Y Ma, K Huang, LN Su, M Chen, ZM Sheng, and J Zhang,Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 111, 5825 (2014). 
22. “Collimation of energetic electrons from a laser-target interaction by a magnetized target back plasma preformed by a long-pulse laser”,HB Zhuo, ZL Chen, ZM Sheng, M Chen, T Yabuunchi, M Tampo, MY Yu, XH Yang, CT Zhou, KA Tanaka, J Zhang, and R Kodama,Phys. Rev. Lett., 112, 215003 (2014). 
23. "Dense attosecond electron sheets from laser wakefields using an up-ramp density transition",FY Li, ZM Sheng, Y Liu, J Meyer-ter-Vehn, WB Mori, W Lu, and J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 110, 135002 (2013). 
24. “Plasmoid ejection and secondary current sheet generation from magnetic reconnection in laser-plasma interaction”,QL Dong , SJ Wang, QM Lu, C Huang, DW Yuan, X Liu, XX Lin, YT Li, HG Wei, JY Zhong, JR Shi, SE Jiang, YK Ding, BB Jiang, K Du, XT He, MY Yu, CS Liu, S Wang, YJ Tang, JQ Zhu, G Zhao, ZM Sheng and J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 108, 215001 (2012). 
25. “Modeling loop-top X-ray source and reconnection outflows in solar flares with intense lasers”,JY Zhong, YT Li, XG Wang, JQ Wang, QL Dong, CJ Xiao, SJ Wang,X Liu, L Zhang, L An, FL Wang, Y Gu, XT He, G Zhao and J Zhang,Nature Physics, 6, 984 (2010). 
26. “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell X-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters”,LM Chen, F Liu, W M Wang, M Kando, JY Mao, L Zhang, J L Ma, YT Li, SV Bulanov, T Tajima,,Y Kato, ZM Sheng, ZY Wei, and J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett.,104, 215004 (2010).
27. “X-ray astronomy in the laboratory with a miniature compact object produced by laser-driven implosion”,S Fujioka, H Takabe, N Yamamoto, D Salzmann, FL Wang, H Nishimura, YT Li, QT Dong, SJ Wang, Y Zhang, YJ Rhee, YW Lee, JM Han, M Tanabe, T Fujiwara, Y Nakabayashi, G Zhao, J Zhang, K Mima,Nature Physics 5, 821 (2009). 
28. “Study of X-ray emission enhancement via a high-contrast femtosecond laser interacting with a solid foil”,LM Chen, M. Kando, MH Xu, YT Li, J. Koga, M Chen, H Xu, XH Yuan, QL Dong, ZM Sheng, S.V. Bulanov, Y. Kato, J Zhang and T. Tajima,Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 045004 (2008). 
29. “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses”,YT Li, XH Yuan, MH Xu, ZY Zheng, ZM Sheng, M Chen, YY Ma, WX Liang, QZ Yu, Y Zhang, F Liu, ZH Wang, ZY Wei, W Zhao, Z Jin, and J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 96, 165003 (2006). 
30. “Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air”,TT Xi, X Lu, J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 96, 025003-4 (2006). 
31. “Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photo sources”,T Yang, Q Zhang, TY Chen, S Lu, J Yin, JW Pan, ZY Wei, JR Tian, J ZhangPhys. Rev. Lett., 96, 110501 (2006). 
32. “Emission of Electromagnetic Pulses from Laser Wakefields through Linear Mode Conversion”,ZM Sheng, K Mima, H Sanuki, J Zhang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 94,095003-095006 (2005). 
33. “High-energy electrons and x-ray photons emitted by water plasmas produced by femtosecond laser pulses”,YT Li, J Zhang, ZM Sheng, H Teng, TJ Liang, XY Peng, X Lu and XW Tang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 90, 1650021-4 (2003). 
34. “Stochastic heating and acceleration of electrons in colliding laser fields in plasmas”,ZM Sheng, K Mima, Y Sentoku, MS Jovanovic, T Taguchi, J Zhang and J Meyer-ter-VehnPhys. Rev. Lett., 88, 0550041-4 (2002). 
35. “Effects of laser polarization on jet emission of fast electrons in ultrashort pulse laser-plasmas”,LM Chen, J Zhang, YT Li, H Teng, TJ Liang, ZM Sheng, and XW Tang,Phys. Rev. Lett., 87, 225001-4 (2001). 
36. “Angular distribution of fast electrons, ions and Bremsstrahlung X/gamma rays in intense laser interaction with solid targets”,ZM Sheng, Y Sentoku, K Mima, J Zhang, W Yu and J Meyer-ter-VehnPhys. Rev. Lett., 85, 5340-5343 (2000). 
37. “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nm”,J Zhang, AG  MacPhee, J Lin, E Wolfrum, R Smith, C Danson, MH Key, CLS Lewis, D Neely, J Nilsen, GJ Pert, GJ Tallents and JS Wark,Science 276, 1097 (1997). 
38. “Demonstration of saturation in a Ni-like Ag x-ray laser at 14 nm”,J Zhang, AG MacPhee, J Nilsen, J Lin, TW Barbee Jr, MH Key, CLS  Lewis, D Neely, RMN O'Rourke, GJ Pert, R Smith, GJ Tallents, JS Wark and E  Wolfrum,Phys. Rev. Lett.,78, 3856 (1997). 
39.  “Efficient extrexme XUV harmonics generated from picosecond laser pulse interactions with solid targets”,P A Norreys, M Zepf, A P Fews, S Moustaizis, J Zhang, P Lee, M Bakarezos, C N Danson, A Dyson, P Gibbon, P Loukakos, D Neely, F N Walsh, J S Wark and A E Dangor,Phys. Rev. Lett., 76, 1832 (1996). 
40. “Demonstration of high gain in a recombination x- ray laser at 18.2 nm driven by a 20 J, 2 ps glass laser”,J Zhang, MH Key, PA Norreys, GJ Tallents, A Behjat, C Danson, A Demir, L Dwivedi, M Holden, PB Holden, CLS Lewis, A G MacPhee, D Neely, GJ Pert, SA Ramsden, S J Rose, YF Shao, O Thomas, F Walsh, YL You,Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1335(1995).

目前的研究课题及展望


利用世界上最先进的强激光实验研究平台,对以下课题进行研究:激光核聚变先进点火方案相关的物理过程、基于强激光的先进辐射源、激光等离子体尾波粒子加速,以及利用强激光在实验室中对天体物理过程进行研究。这些研究内容都是目前高能量密度物理最前沿的科学问题。

培养研究生情况


在英国时培养过5名博士研究生,4名博士后;回国后至今已培养了16名博士后(其中包括2名国外博士后),61名博士生、3名硕士生。 在读博士10名,硕士生2名。 

电话:

010-82649356

Email

jzhang@iphy.ac.cn